NASA sees Tropical Depression Rai over Thailand, Vietnam, Laos

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On Sept. 13 at 2:50 a.m. EDT NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed over Tropical Depression Rai measured very coid cloud-top temperatures (red yellow) indicating powerful thunderstorms with the potential for heavy rain.


After Tropical Depression 19W moved ashore in central Vietnam NASA-NOAA’s Suomi NPP satellite passed over the system found some powerful thunderstorms over Thailand, Vietnam Laos capable of dropping heavy rainfall. Tropical depression 19W was renamed Tropical Depression Rai before it made landfall in central Vietnam. At 5 p.m. EDT (2100 UTC) on Sept. 12, the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) issued their final bulletin on Rai. At that time, it was 41 miles southeast of Da Nang, Vietnam, near 15.3 degrees north latitude 108.8 degrees east longitude. Rai had maximum sustained winds near 30 knots (34.5 mph/55.5 kph) was moving to the west-northwest at 11 knots.

On Sept. 13 at 2:50 a.m. EDT (0650 UTC) NASA-NOAA’s Suomi NPP satellite passed over Tropical Depression Rai measured cloud-top temperatures. The Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) instrument aboard NASA-NOAA’s Suomi NPP satellite captured an infrared image of the storm that revealed the location of coldest cloud top temperatures strongest storms.

VIIRS data showed cloud top temperatures of strong thunderstorms as cold as minus 80 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 62.2 Celsius) were found over central Laos. Temperatures that cold indicate strong uplift in the storm cloud tops high into the troposphere. NASA research has shown that storms with cloud tops that cold have the ability to generate heavy rain.

Strong storms also stretched from central Vietnam through central Laos into northeastern Thailand.

On Sept. 13, Rai was centered over southeastern Laos. The ThailMeteorological Department forecast said that “the storm is expected to move to the central northeast of Thailcause torrential rain with isolated heavy to very heavy rain in many areas of the north the northeast during Sept. 13 to 15.”

During the evening of Sept. 13, Rai’s remnants are forecast to reach affect the following provinces: Mukdahan, Amnat Charoen Ubon Ratchathani before weakening. For updated forecasts, visit:

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