First full survey of Peru Chile’s threatened fog islecosystems

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A fog oasis in a coastal desert of Peru

Fotografia Hudson Yonjoy 2016 Peru

Dotted along the arid coasts of Peru Chile are islands of green space called fog oases that provide local sources of clean air, water medicinal plants. The fog islands are poorly understood by scientists, but a satellite survey suggests they can grow across an area of lmore than four times larger than previously thought.

“I’m sure the local people living there know about them, but it gives us that knowledge of where it is in the landscape,” says …

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First full survey of Peru Chile’s threatened fog islecosystems

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A fog oasis in a coastal desert of Peru

Fotografia Hudson Yonjoy 2016 Peru

Dotted along the arid coasts of Peru Chile are islands of green space called fog oases that provide local sources of clean air, water medicinal plants. The fog islands are poorly understood by scientists, but a satellite survey suggests they can grow across an area of lmore than four times larger than previously thought.

“I’m sure the local people living there know about them, but it gives us that knowledge of where it is in the landscape,” says …

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Taliban flag painted outside former US embassy in Kabul, Afghanistan, photo shows

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Fox News on Monday obtained an image showing the Taliban’s white flag painted outside the former U.S. embassy in Kabul, Afghanistan. 

The flag was painted in the last few days, while the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan’s coat of arms is seen on the righthside of the image. 

The U.S. embassy in the Afghan capital closed on Aug. 15 following reports that officials there were destroying sensitive documents equipment prior to the Taliban’s takeover of Kabul. 

This image obtained by Fox News shows the Taliban’s white flag painted next to the former U.S. embassy in Kabul, Afghanistan.
(Fox News/David Spunt)

US FACILITATES AFGHANISTAN EVACUATION OF 4 AMERICANS BY OVERLAND ROUTE 

During that time, Fox News also obtained an image of the U.S. embassy flag being flown out of the Afghan capital. 

“While the U.S. government has withdrawn its personnel from Kabul, we will continue to assist U.S. citizens their families in Afghanistan from Doha, Qatar,” the State Department said in a message. 

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On Monday, the Taliban issued a statement claiming they have taken control of Panjshir province, which is located north of Kabul that served as the staging ground of the country’s top resistance force. 

Photos emerged on social media that showed members of the Taliban standing at the gate of the provincial governor’s compound, Reuters reported. The province was the last holdout of anti-Taliban forces in the country the only province the Taliban had not seized during their sweep last month. 

Fox News’ David Spunt, Edmund DeMarche The Associated Press contributed to this report. 

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Guantanamo Bay pretrial hearings for 9/11 suspects to begin this week

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The pretrial hearings of suspected 9/11 mastermind Khalid Sheikh Mohammed four others accused of conspiring in the attacks are set to resume this week at Guantanamo Bay following a year-and-a-half pause because of the coronavirus pandemic. 

The hearings – which are expected to be mostly administrative matters with the defendants unlikely to speak all week – are the latest attempt to advance a case that has been bogged down for years over legal challenges. 

“The United States v. Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, Walid Muhammad Salih Mubarek Bin ‘Attash, Ali Abdul Aziz Ali, Ramzi Bin al Shibh, Mustafa Ahmed Adam al Hawsawi Pre-Trial Hearing is scheduled for September 7th to the 17th at the Expeditionary Legal Complex at Camp Justice on Naval Station Guantanamo Bay,” a Defense Department official told Fox News on Monday. 

Flags fly at half-staff in honor of the U.S. service members other victims killed in the terrorist attack in Kabul, Afghanistan, at Camp Justice on Aug. 29 in Guantanamo Bay Naval Base, Cuba.  
(AP)

AMERICAN TAXPAYERS HAVE SPENT JAW-DROPPING AMOUNT ON KEEPING 9/11 MASTERMIND ALIVE 

“The accused are charged jointly, in connection with their alleged roles in the September 11, 2001, attacks against the United States,” the official added. “They are charged with committing the following offenses: conspiracy; attacking civilians; intentionally causing serious bodily injury; murder in violation of the law of war; hijacking or hazarding a vessel or aircraft; terrorism.” 

Legal challenges largely revolving around what evidence can be used at an eventual trial have delayed the case from unfolding. The effort has also been beset by the logistical difficulty of trying to hold proceedings in a specially designed courtroom on the isolated U.S base. 

In part, the prosecution’s case in the 9/11 attacks rests on statements that the defendants — who include Mohammed, the self-described mastermind of the Sept. 11 attacks — gave to the FBI after they were transferred by the CIA to the military at Guantanamo in September 2006. 

Attash is accused of training two of the hijackers in hand-to-hcombat, while Al Shibh is suspected of organizing the Hamburg, Germany, cell of hijackers providing financial assistance to Atta others responsible for taking over the planes, amongst other allegations, according to the New York Times. 

This March 2003 photo obtained by The Associated Press shows Khalid Shaikh Mohammad, the alleged Sept. 11 mastermind, shortly after his capture during a raid in Pakistan. 

This March 2003 photo obtained by The Associated Press shows Khalid Shaikh Mohammad, the alleged Sept. 11 mastermind, shortly after his capture during a raid in Pakistan. 
(AP)

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There have been more than 40 rounds of pretrial hearings since the five detainees were arraigned in May 2012. The estimated start date for what would likely be a lengthy trial before a jury of military officers also has been repeatedly put off. 

The Biden administration has said it intends to close Guantanamo after a review of operations, but it has not publicly released details about when or how that will happen. 

Fox News’ Lucas Tomlinson The Associated Press contributed to this report. 

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Men fart more when eating a plant-based diet due to good gut bacteria

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Plant-based foods promotes “good” gut bacteria

Shutterstock / Megan Betteridge

Plant-based diets cause men to fart more have larger stools, researchers have found – but that seems to be a good thing, because it means these foods are promoting healthy gut bacteria.

Anecdotally, it is well-known that eating more plants – including fruit, vegetables, grains legumes – creates bulkier stools increases flatulence. However, few studies have measured these changes or related them to changes in gut bacteria.

Claudia Barber at the Liver Digestive Diseases Networking Biomedical Research Centre in Barcelona, Spain, her colleagues compared the effects of a Mediterranean-style diet mostly comprised of plants with a Western-style diet containing fewer fruit vegetables on the guts of 18 healthy men aged between 18 38. Each participant was randomly assigned to follow one of the diets for two weeks, then after a break, they switched to the other diet for two weeks.

The men did a similar number of poos per day on the two diets, but each one was about double the size while they were on the plant diet. The men collected weighed their own stools using digital scales found they produced about 200 grams per day on the plant diet, compared with 100 grams on the Western diet.

This is because eating plants promotes certain types of bacteria in our guts that make food for themselves by fermenting plant fibre, says Rosemary Stanton at the University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia. The added stool weight is made up of the spent bodies of these extra bacteria plus water a small amount of undigested plant fibre, she says.

Some of the specific fibre-fermenting bacteria that became more abundant in the men’s guts while they were on the plant diet included Agathobaculumanaerostipes Agathobaculum butyriciproducens, an analysis of their waste showed.

The participants logged how many times they farted per day using a handheld counter found they farted seven times more per day on average while on the plant diet than when they were on the Western diet. Each fart contained about 50 per cent more gas, as revealed when the researchers gave the men a test meal of stewed beans measured subsequent gas production using balloons fitted to the men’s rectums.

Eating plants promotes farting because most fart gas is odourless hydrogen, methane carbon dioxide that is produced by gut bacteria when they ferment plant fibre, says Stanton. The smell of farts comes from traces of hydrogen sulphide gas, which is a by-product of protein digestion.

Fibre-fermenting bacteria are known as “good” bacteria because they release short-chain fatty acids. These chemicals keep the large intestine healthy protect against bowel cancer. Short-chain fatty acids can also be absorbed into the bloodstream where they protect against heart disease diabetes by lowering cholesterol regulating blood sugar.

The findings suggest that flatulence associated with eating more plants should be welcomed, says Stanton. “Our Western idea that farting is a sign of something being wrong is totally false,” she says. In most cases, “farting is a sign of a healthy diet a healthy colon”, she says.

Journal reference: Nutrients, DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13082638

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