Two-thirds of Indians have Covid antibodies, finds ICMR sero survey

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Around 400 million people are still vulnerable to COVID-19 infection as a nationwide survey found two-thirds of the country’s population aged above six to have SARS-CoV-2 antibodies, the government said on Tuesday as it stressed there is no room for complacency in the fight against the pandemic.


Findings of the ICMR’s 4th national Covid sero survey show there is a ray of hope, but there is no room for complacency Covid-appropriate behaviour has to be followed, the government said.





The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) conducted the latest survey in June-July.


Addressing a press conference, a senior official said two-thirds or 67.6 per cent of India’s population aged above 6 years were found to have SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in the latest national sero survey.


A third of the population did not have SARS-CoV-2 antibodies, which means about 400 million people are still vulnerable to COVID-19 infection, the official said.


According to the government, 85 per cent of the surveyed healthcare workers had antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 one-tenth of HCWs were still unvaccinated.


The survey covered 28,975 general population 7,252 healthcare workers.


The fourth round of the survey was conducted in the 70 districts across 21 states where the previous three rounds had been carried out.


 


Stressing observance of COVID-19-appropriate behaviour, the government said social, religious political congregations should be avoided non-essential travels should be discouraged.


“Travel only if fully vaccinated,” it said.


The ICMR also suggested that it would be wise to consider reopening primary schools first as children can handle viral infection much better.


“Children can handle viral infection much better as they have lower number of ace receptors. So once the decision is taken all the staff vaccinated, it would be wise to open primary schools first,” it said.


India recorded 30,093 new coronavirus infections, the lowest in 125 days, taking the total tally of COVID-19 cases to 3,11,74,322, according to the Union Health Ministry data updated on Tuesday.


The death toll climbed to 4,14,482 with 374 daily fatalities, the lowest in 111 days, while the active cases have declined to 4,06,130, the lowest in 117 days.

(Only the headline picture of this report may have been reworked by the Business Standard staff; the rest of the content is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

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India vs Sri Lanka LIVE SCORE, 2nd ODI: Chahal strikes twice in same over

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Both the teams are likely to retain the playing 11 from previous match. Any change in India playing 11 would come as a surprise.

In the second One Day International (ODI), the young guns of Indian cricket team would look to put yet another fiery show seal the three-match series against Sri Lanka at R Premadasa Stadium in Colombo today. Meanwhile,Sri lanka, which is going through a generation change, needs to derive a formula to win matches. The hosts won the toss again elected to bat first.

Check Tokyo Olympics 2021 opening ceremony, India full schedule live telecast details here

 

India vs Sri Lanka 2nd ODI playing 11

Sri Lanka made one change in its playing 11 while India remains unchanged.

 

India playing 11: Prithvi Shaw, Shikhar Dhawan (c), Ishan Kishan (wk), Manish Pandey, Suryakumar Yadav, Hardik Pandya, Krunal Pandya, Bhuvneshwar Kumar, Deepak Chahar, Kuldeep Yadav, Yuzvendra Chahal.

 

Sri Lanka playing 11: Avishka Fernando, Minod Bhanuka(w), Bhanuka Rajapaksa, Dhananjaya de Silva, Charith Asalanka, Dasun Shanaka(c), Wanindu Hasaranga, Chamika Karunaratne, Dushmantha Chameera, Lakshan Sandakan, Kasun Rajitha.


ICC cricket World Cup Super League

The three-match India vs Sri Lanka ODI series is also a part of ICC CWC Super League. The top 7 teams on CWC Super League table will directly qualify of ICC ODI World Cup 2023. India being a host will qualify despite its position on the points table. 


All you need to know

 
CHECK ICC CWC SUPER LEAGUE POINTS TABLE HERE
 
IND vs SL 2nd ODI: Colombo weather

According to the weather forecast, there would be scattered clouds throughout the day. Despite the fact that there was both swing turn in the first game, hitting is supposed to be simple in today’s match.

 

India vs Sri Lanka 2nd ODI LIVE SCORECARD

 

 

 

India vs Sri Lanka live streaming telecast details

 

The IND vs SL 2nd ODI will be telecast live on Sony Sports Network. Sony SIX HD/SD TEN 1 HD/SD will live broadcast the India vs Sri Lanka 2nd ODI with English commentary, while Sony TEN 3 HD/SD will do so with Hindi commentary. The Live streaming of Sri Lanka vs India match will be available on Disney+Hotstar website.

 

Check IND vs SL T20s full schedule head to head details here

IND vs SL 2nd ODI live telecast for free

 

You can watch the live telecast of IND vs SL 2nd ODII for free on Doordarshan in its terrestrial network from 3:00 pm onwards.

 

Stay tuned for India vs Sri Lanka live match updates…

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IOC to build India’s first green hydrogen plant at Mathura refinery

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India’s largest oil firm IOC will build the nation’s first ‘green hydrogen’ plant at its Mathura refinery, as it aims to prepare for a future catering to the growing demfor both oil cleaner forms of energy.


Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) has drawn a strategic growth path that aims to maintain focus on its core refining fuel marketing businesses while making bigger inroads into petrochemicals, hydrogen electric mobility over the next 10 years, its chairman Shrikant Madhav Vaidya said.





The company will not set captive power plants at all its future refinery petrochemical expansion projects instead use the 250 MW of electricity it produces from renewable sources like solar power, he told PTI in an interview.


“We have a wind power project in Rajasthan. We intend to wheel that power to our Mathura refinery use that electricity to produce absolutely green hydrogen through electrolysis,” he said.


This will be the nation’s first green hydrogen unit. Previously, projects have been announced to produce ‘grey hydrogen’ using fossil fuels such as natural gas.


Hydrogen is the latest buzz for meeting the world’s energy needs. Hydrogen, in itself, is a clean fuel but manufacturing it is energy-intensive has carbon byproducts.


Brown hydrogen is created through coal gasification while the process of producing grey hydrogen throws off carbon waste. Blue hydrogen uses carbon capture storage for the greenhouse gases produced in the creation of grey hydrogen.


Green hydrogen production – the ultimate clean hydrogen resource – uses renewable energy to create hydrogen fuel.


“Mathura has been selected by virtue of its proximity to TTZ (Taj Trapezium Zone),” Vaidya said adding the green hydrogen will replace carbon-emitting fuels that are used in the refinery to process crude oil into value-added products such as petrol diesel.


He said all of the expansion projects will use grid electricity, preferably green power to meet the energy requirements.


“We have got a number of expansions down the line which are already approved. We will not have a captive power plant will utilise power from the grid, preferably green power. This will help decarbonise some part of the manufacturing,” he said.


IOC’s refinery expansion plans include raising the capacity of units at Panipat in Haryana Barauni in Bihar setting up a new unit near Chennai.


“We are going to add 25 million tonnes of our refining capacity by the year 2023-24. We are 80.5 million tonnes now including CPCL, we are going to be 105 million tonnes,” he said.


Vaidya said IOC was pushing ahead with research on carbon capture, utilisation storage technologies — space where it is seeking global collaboration to meet its Paris climate goals.


Hydrogen, he said, would be a fuel of the future. IOC is planning to set up several hydrogen production units on a pilot basis.


This includes a project at Gujarat refinery to produce finite purity hydrogen of 99.9999 per cent for hydrogen fuel cell buses. “Today, 50 buses in Delhi are being fueled by hydrogen-spiked compressed natural gas, or H-CNG, which has 18 per cent hydrogen content,” he said adding hydrogen fuel cell buses will be put to service on iconic routes of Vadodara-Sabarmati Vadodara-Statue of Unity, Kevedia.


“About 15 fuel-cell-powered buses, with the fuel cells entirely India-made, are expected to ply in the second half of 2021. Since running these buses would require hydrogen, IOC is setting up a plant, whose capacity could be anywhere between 200 tonnes 400 tonnes per day,” he added.


Petroleum refining marketing will continue to be IOC’s core businesses with much higher petrochemicals integration. Also, gas will play a larger role the firm will have a presence in electric mobility space through charging stations at petrol pumps a planned battery manufacturing unit.


Forecasts by various agencies see Indian fuel demclimbing to 400-450 million tonnes by 2040 as against 250 million tonnes now. This gives enough legroom for all forms of energy to co-exist, he said adding the demgrowth makes it imperative to pursue refining expansion as well as expfootprint in compressed natural gas, LNG, biodiesel ethanol.


Vaidya said IOC had already commissioned battery swapping stations across many cities. The firm already has installed 286 charging stations, including swapping stations, across the country, which will be raised to 3,000 EV charging stations in the next few years.

(Only the headline picture of this report may have been reworked by the Business Standard staff; the rest of the content is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

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Racial Bias Limits Diagnosis of ADHD in Black Women GirlsKaiser Health News

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Miché Aaron has always been a high achiever. The 29-year-old is in her third year of a planetary sciences doctoral program at Johns Hopkins University, where she researches minerals found on Mars. She’s a former NASA space grant scholar hopes to become an astronaut one day.

But last year, Aaron was barely keeping it together — missing classes, late on assignments struggling to explain that she understood the required material to pass her qualifying exams. Her academic adviser warned that if she didn’t get professional help she would flunk.

“I simply thought I was a lazy student I needed to try harder,” Aaron said, wiping the tears behind her thick, black-framed glasses.

Then she was diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder it all made sense.

For many Black women like Aaron, finally having that answer comes with both relief grief after years of suffering being misunderstood. Already subject to unique discrimination at the intersection of gender race, Black girls with ADHD often remain undiagnosed because their symptoms are mischaracterized. Signs of inattentiveness or impulsivity, two main features of the disorder, could be mistaken for laziness or defiance. And the longer these girls aren’t diagnosed treated, the more their problems are likely to worsen as they grow into adults.

While the 2016 National Survey of Children’s Health showed that 6.1 million children ages 2 to 17 in the United States have received a diagnosis for ADHD at some point, millions more adults are estimated to have it, too — either having grown up with a diagnosis or being diagnosed later in life, if at all.

ADHD doesn’t discriminate by gender or race, but white boys are still more likely to be diagnosed treated for the condition than anyone else. Experts advocates say this leads to an inequity in care that hurts girls of any background children of color of any gender.

Over the past few decades, mental health experts researchers have started to understhow ADHD manifests differently depending on gender, as girls with the condition tend to seem more inattentive forgetful while boys tend to seem more hyperactive disruptive. The reasons Black children ethnic minorities are overlooked range from racial bias in schools lack of access to care, to stigma distrust of educators health providers based on past discrimination.

Paul Morgan, director of the Center for Educational Disparities Research at Penn State, is the lead author of multiple studies showing that the disparities in school start early. By kindergarten, Black children in the U.S. are 70% less likely to receive an ADHD diagnosis than otherwise similar white children.

A 2016 study found that by 10th grade white children are nearly twice as likely to receive a diagnosis for ADHD as Black children. Lead author Dr. Tumaini Rucker Coker, head of general pediatrics at Seattle Children’s Hospital a top researcher at its Center for Child Health, Behavior Development, said that, while her study didn’t look at underdiagnosis of Black girls, federal Education Department data shows telling signs of racial gender discrimination in diagnosing ADHD: Black girls are six times as likely to be suspended from school as white girls.

Behavior as common as talking back in class could have wildly different consequences, depending on how it’s interpreted, Coker explained. For Black girls, it’s often viewed as “intimidation” of a teacher.

“When there’s ‘bad behavior’ you’re a white girl, you get all the benefit of the doubt,” Coker said. “On the opposite spectrum, you get zero benefit of the doubt as a Black girl.”

Over time, studies have shown that ADHD, especially in girls, can lead to increased rates of anxiety depression, risky behavior, drug use, self-harm suicide attempts. Researchers therapists said they are especially worried about those undiagnosed or undertreated.

Being diagnosed treated, on the other hand, has many upsides. Medication therapy, even behavioral training for parents of patients, have proven to be highly effective in managing ADHD. However, access to such resources depends not only on a diagnosis, but also trust buy-in from families.

René Brooks, who lives outside Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, was diagnosed three times — twice as a child, when her school tested her without parental permission. Her mother rejected the idea of her daughter, who is Black, being labeled, distrusting a system she feared wanted to “drug up minority children.”

The third time Brooks was diagnosed, she was 25 on the brink of losing her job at one of the biggest insurers in the state because she couldn’t keep up with the workload. After starting medication, 18 years after her first diagnosis, she said her brain felt like it “switched on” she was able to be more productive than she ever imagined possible.

Still, as a Black woman with ADHD, Brooks felt alone. “It’s very isolating to sit at that intersection because no one’s there, or so we thought,” she said.

She started a blog called “Black Girl, Lost Keys,” which educates empowers Black women with ADHD, created Unicorn Squad, Black People of Marginalized Genders With ADHD, a private support group on Facebook with more than 2,200 members who share the feelings that come with the diagnosis.

Aaron said finding the Facebook group talking with other Black women with ADHD during the weekly virtual meetings made it easier to accept her diagnosis. They also commiserate about the all-too-common racialized slights known as microaggressions that she others face — whether it’s being dismissed for showing emotion as an “angry Black woman” or having to fight for accommodations at school or being doubted at pharmacies when trying to fill prescriptions for stimulants that treat ADHD under the assumption they’re addicts trying to misuse the controlled substances, sold under brnames such as Adderall, Concerta Ritalin.

“I simply thought I was a lazy student I needed to try harder,” Aaron says. Then she was diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder it all made sense.(Will Kirk / Johns Hopkins University)

Dr. Loucresie Rupert, a child-adolescent psychiatrist, adult ADHD coach mental health advocate in Winona, Minnesota, also blogs about her personal experience with ADHD. She recognized her symptoms during medical school — problems studying, missing appointments, forgetting to pay bills — was officially diagnosed during her medical residency, after failing a two-day-long licensing exam. The latter was a wake-up call. “I’ve never failed at anything in my life,” said Rupert.

As a Black woman, Rupert understands why her Black female patients are so grateful to find her. It’s hard enough to find a local psychiatrist who is covered by one’s insurance specializes in ADHD, let alone a Black female psychiatrist who has ADHD herself.

Rupert said she, too, sees a Black female psychiatrist, who shares some of the same experiences sensitivities, which makes a big difference. “It’s taken my healing my ability to function to the next level, because you don’t have to explain as many things.” For example, when discussing police brutality, she said, “I don’t have to spell out how exhausted or tired or traumatized I am.”

Coker Morgan agreed that culturally linguistically sensitive screenings are key to getting more people diagnosed. Also critical: culturally relevant groups like the Unicorn Squad.

A year a half after being diagnosed with ADHD, Aaron said the treatment she’s received, including medication, therapy strategies for learning organization, has changed her life. She has since found out she also has dyslexia a language processing disorder, two learning disabilities that commonly occur with ADHD.

Far from flunking out, she’s now thriving academically publishing her research on Martian minerals. She wants to help other Black women going through similar struggles, just as Brooks’ Unicorn Squad helped her.

“When you start receiving treatment, the biggest impact is to your self-esteem, because you’re no longer concerned that you’re just lazy, or that you’re just unmotivated,” said Brooks. “You know this is a problem, problems have solutions, whereas character flaws do not.”

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Sen. Wyden: $3.5T Budget May Have to Trim but It Can Set a Path to ‘Ambitious Goals’

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Exactly what American health care will look like if Democrats can pass their $3.5 trillion spending plan is unclear, but the senator negotiating its health-related provisions hopes what emerges will be dramatic: the first complete health care system for older Americans significantly reduced costs for everyone else.

“We are setting very, very ambitious goals,” Sen. Ron Wyden (D-Ore.) told KHN. “And that’s appropriate because the fact is a lot of challenges have gotten short shrift — I’m not just talking about the last four years, I’m talking about 10 years.”

But the budget plan is highly controversial within the Democratic caucus on a tight time frame. Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer set a Wednesday deadline for Democrats to agree on the broad outlines. Wyden insists that lawmakers from different wings of his party can come together to support a framework to move forward.

“He told us to be ready on Wednesday, we will be,” said Wyden, who chairs the powerful Finance Committee is also a member of the Budget Committee.

While health policy questions have generally taken a back seat in the recent debate over possible infrastructure climate provisions in the package, health care will account for a large proportion of the cost.

Provisions would include steps to reduce prescription drug costs, to extend the generous federal subsidies for people buying insurance on the Affordable Care Act’s marketplaces, to provide coverage for low-income residents in states that did not exptheir Medicaid programs to massively increase health care options for older Americans.

Medicare could wind up with new programs to provide people with dental, vision hearing care for the first time. The plan could realize President Joe Biden’s proposal to spend $400 billion so seniors would get home-based community health care to live at home longer instead of moving to nursing homes.

Drug spending would be lowered partly by allowing Medicare to negotiate prices with pharmaceutical companies, thus saving the federal government consumers money.

In raw dollars, the health care components of the plan Democrats announced last week could easily exceed the initial $940 billion cost estimates of the Affordable Care Act.

“I think it’s huge,” said Paul Ginsburg, a professor of health policy at the University of Southern California senior fellow at the Brookings Institution.

“Many of these components of the plan on their own would be considered major policy accomplishments, maybe the highlight of a congressional session,” Ginsburg said. “This just multiplies it all, puts a number of these programs together, many of which on their own would be major, major accomplishments.”

Yet there remain major question marks, as well. For instance, some of the proposals tread into territory that has never been tried before, policy experts aren’t sure how they will work. Ginsburg pointed to the dental, hearing vision proposals for Medicare, noting there has been relatively little careful analysis related to including those benefits in Medicare.

“Nobody’s talked about that. We don’t know how to do it,” Ginsburg said. “It’s very different from medical insurance issues.”

The plan is moving through what’s known as the budget reconciliation process. First Congress approves budget instructions for bills that affect spending, revenue or debt. Under congressional rules, those bills can then advance on an expedited basis pass in the Senate with a simple majority, with no threat of a filibuster.

Still, there is no room for error. With just 50 Democrats, Schumer will need every one of them — Vice President Kamala Harris’ tie-breaking vote — if Republicans remain united against the package. In the House, Democrats also have a tiny majority could likely lose only a handful of members as they try to pass the budget framework.

Wyden others are trying to help lawmakers reach consensus on a plan. Moderate Democrats have raised concerns about how these initiatives would be paid for, not all are keen on the drug price measures, including allowing Medicare to negotiate. Progressives, on the other hand, have called for higher spending to cover even more robust initiatives.

Wyden said he is shuttling between the Senate the House moderates progressives, he intends to stay glued to the Capitol to meet Schumer’s deadline.

He cautioned, though, that people should not expect to see every detail in whichever package is released this week. It will be an outline that tells committees to get to work on specifics. More details will come later.

“They will not be bills that people think of as legislation — Section 406-B paragraph three the like. This is a general framework. We’re kind of flushing this out,” Wyden said.

And even though he calls the overall effort ambitious, Wyden prefers to work out the details quietly, make sure they are acceptable to his colleagues the Senate parliamentarian, who determines if provisions of the bill qualify for the reconciliation process. “We’re putting in the time to do this right,” Wyden said, pointing to previous bills he has gotten passed. “That’s kind of my style — underpromise lower the decibel level focus on getting it done.”

That leaves ample wiggle room in terms of what would emerge, probably in the fall if Democrats can pass the budget reconciliation this summer. Lawmakers’ tinkering negotiations over how much each item will cost, how long to fund it how comprehensive a specific program will be could leave certain elements looking skimpy.

Wyden said Democrats may need to settle for very basic versions of these new programs. But the key, he added, is to get the programs started, show people what is possible.

“The way we’re talking about it — this is going to be the subject of many, many discussions — is we want to get the architecture of these changes, bold changes,” Wyden said.

Exactly how greach change turns out to be in the short run may not be the most important thing, Wyden suggested.

“There’s going to be a discussion — this number of years, that number of years the like,” he said. “But what’s really important, we’ve talked about it — the Budget Committee’s talked about it — if we get the architecture right, we can start serving people build on it.”

Wyden often talks about how he got into politics after spending nearly seven years running the Gray Panthers advocacy organization in Oregon teaching gerontology. What he’s believed for a long time is that Medicare simply is not enough to meet people’s needs.

“I would say Medicare is a half a loaf,” Wyden said.

He wouldn’t quite promise a full baguette when the reconciliation process is done.

“This is going to make a significantly bigger set of health care options for seniors. I’m not going to start dividing loaves,” Wyden said.

KHN (Kaiser Health News) is a national newsroom that produces in-depth journalism about health issues. Together with Policy Analysis Polling, KHN is one of the three major operating programs at KFF (Kaiser Family Foundation). KFF is an endowed nonprofit organization providing information on health issues to the nation.

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